Ever since it was initially detected in March, the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia killed 672 people. A total of 1,201 were infected, including 2 US doctors that contracted the virus as they tried to stop the disease’s spread.
More about the second US citizen infected by the Ebola virus:
According to the World Health Organization, this outbreak is the largest ever recorded.
The Ebola virus includes muscle pain, sore throat, headache, fever and intense weakness as the initial symptoms. As the disease progresses, rashes, diarrhea, vomiting, impaired liver function, impaired kidney function, external bleeding and internal bleeding follow.
The symptoms appear 8 to 10 days after the infection takes place.
This virus is initially transmitted from wild animals to humans. Then, humans will spread it through contact with body fluids of infected people. Also, exposure to different objects like a contaminated needle can lead to infection.
Those that are at an increased risk of contacting the virus are the family victims of those in contact with infected people and health workers that are in direct contact with those infected. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine available and the treatment is only made out of “supportive therapy.”
The past outbreaks showed a mortality rate of 90% in humans that contracted the virus. Current death tolls are lower.
The first American doctor diagnosed with Ebola is Kent Brantly, 33. He has been working for Samaritan’s Purse and has been working in the country of Liberia since October, 2013. At the moment he is receiving intensive medical treatment.
The second US citizen tested positive is Nancy Writebol. She is employed by SIM, a mission group in Liberia. She was helping a joint Smaritan’s Purse/SIM team that treated Ebola patients in Monrovia.
According to Ken Isaacs, vice president of government relations and programs for Samaritan Purse, said about the infected US citizens:
“Both of them tonight are in stable condition. But they are not out of the woods yet.”
Growing concern about the Ebola outbreak appear as the incubation period is long. It means that anyone can be infected and not know before taking a plane to any country, including USA.